If you are interested in Fedora Linux, there are several ways to try it.
The easiest way to avoid affecting your current operating system is to create a Live Fedora USB.
Another way to try Fedora is to take advantage of virtualization technology by installing it in VirtualBox. That’s why you use Fedora as an application in your current operating system.
This allows you to perform more thorough testing without damaging your current operating system.
You can even copy a virtual installation and reinstall it on another system. Does that sound nice? I’ll show you how it’s done.
Installing Fedora in the VirtualBox
See the steps for installing Fedora Linux in Oracle VirtualBox.
Step 1: Installation of the VirtualBox
If VirtualBox is not installed in your system, you can download it from the official website. Here you will find instructions for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Ubuntu users can refer to these detailed instructions for installing VirtualBox.
Step 2: DownloadFedora ISO
If you don’t know Fedora, there are some pictures you should know about.
The Fedora IoT is used for scalable infrastructure, the Fedora workstation is a toolbox-oriented image in a vanilla GNOME desktop environment, and the Fedora server, as its name suggests, is intended for a server or data center.
If GNOME isn’t your first choice, you can download a version of the Fedora desktop with an alternative desktop environment. For this manual, I chose Fedora 33 with the GNOME desktop environment.
Step 3: Create and configure an empty virtual machine
A minimum of 20 GB of hard disk space and 2 GB of RAM is required to successfully install and operate Fedora. Although a doubling of these amounts is recommended for a softer application. Based on this I will create and configure a virtual machine.
Start the virtual box and click on the New button.
Creating a new virtual machine
The most important variant to consider is the type installed on Linux and the version on Fedora (64 bits). When you start typing Fedora in the search string name, VirtualBox automatically selects the appropriate settings for you. Although the name is not necessarily Fedoras, it can be anything.
If you only have access to the 32-bit version, you need to enable the virtualization technology in your BIOS. If you have an AMD processor, it is called SVM. At worst, your processor may not support virtualization technology. If you’re not sure, check first.
Once you have made the same settings for me, click the Create button.
Name your virtual machine and assign at least 3 GB of RAM to it.
As mentioned above, you will need at least 20 GB of disk space to install Fedora. I have 32 GB of RAM in my system, so I’ve allocated 8 GB here. With 3 GB of RAM you should do well.
When we talk about RAM consumption, the virtual machine only uses it when it is running. Otherwise it will be available for regular use.
Make sure the other options are the same and click Create.
15-20 GB VDI drive space distribution
Before pressing the Virtual Machine Start button, load the ISO as described below [Optical Drive].
Add Fedora ISO to optical disk storage
If your virtual hard drive is empty, the virtual machine will boot from this ISO. Imagine using a USB stick or a live stick to install Linux.
Go to Settings and add ISO as optical drive
If you have a multi-core processor, it is advisable to assign 2 or more cores to your virtual machine. You can find the processor cores in the System tab. When you configure the system, click OK and start the virtual machine.
Additional step : Assigning the number of processor cores
Once you have configured everything, click on the Start button to start the installation.
Step 4: Installing Fedora in the VirtualBox
If you have run the process correctly, start directly from the ISO file when you start up the virtual machine. If you see a screen similar to the one below, select Start Fedora and press Enter.
Fedora runs in a real environment on a virtual machine
To start the installation dialog, click the Install button on the disk.
InstallingClick the Install button on your hard disk.
Before starting the installation, you must specify the layout of the keyboard, the time zone and finally the location of the operating system.
Select Keyboard, Time and Date and go to the installation destination.
The partitioning process is simple. Like the VDI, they have created a space of freedom for themselves. It must be detected automatically.
Select a drive and set the automatic storage configuration. Click Done to return to the previous dialog box.
Hard drive partitionDrive should be automatically detected
Once you have configured all of the above settings, click Start the installation.
First installation of Fedora
All you have to do is wait five or six minutes to complete the installation. When the installation is complete, click the Finish Installation button.
The last step is to shut down your system. If you are not familiar with the GNOME desktop environment, you can do so.
Fedora live environment after installation
You will need to manually upload the ISO file you downloaded in the first steps.
Fedora ISO extract from the optical reader
The next time you start the virtual machine from Fedora, you will be prompted to create a user account and set a password for Fedora-Linux.
Use the add-ons in the VirtualBox Guest Module for extra functions such as sharing clipboards, sharing folders, etc..
The guest programs are designed to be installed in the virtual machine after the installation of the guest operating system. They include device drivers and system applications that optimize the guest operating system for improved performance and user-friendliness.
The additional guest ISO-add-on file is mounted as a virtual CD-ROM for the installation.
It’s a simple process. Just go to the Devices tab and click Insert Guest CD Image.
You will be prompted to download the image of the guest adapter when prompted.
Installation of Add-ons for VirtualBox Guests
At some point, you will need to move the content between the virtual machine and the host operating system. With the shared clipboard and drag-and-drop support, you can copy and paste items on one platform to another.
To enable this function, select Settings on the VirtualBox homepage and follow the instructions below. I think the two-way option is the most practical.
Allows the clipboard to be shared between guest and host systems.
There are two types of actions:
- Permanent promotions stored in the settings of the virtual machine.
- Transient part that disappears when the virtual machine is turned off. You can create them by checking the corresponding box in VirtualBox Manager.
In this manual I will create a permanent shared folder. In the VM settings, add the folder on the host system you want to share and select the name you want to display on the VM.
The next time you start the virtual machine, the folder should appear as a network drive.
Best video support
While the virtual graphics card provides all the important features of Oracle VirtualBox, custom graphics drivers installed with guest add-ons provide extremely high, non-standard video mode and accelerated video performance.
If you are using guest extensions, the resolution of the guest operating system changes dynamically when you configure the VirtualBox window on your computer.
Finally, guest add-ons can use your computer’s graphics card. If you are a player or if you are using software to improve your World Cup performance, this is very important.
USB andshared network devices
With VirtualBox, users can use a complete operating system without having to configure themselves on other hardware. However, sharing USB and network devices between a host and a guest computer is not as easy as it should be.
To access USB devices, you must install the VirtualBox expansion pack.
Installing expansion pack VirtualBox expansion pack
It’s only for Linux, because I use everything under Linux.
To access the USB subsystem, the user (on the host system) running VirtualBox must be a member of the vbox user group. To do this, open the terminal and execute the following command:
sudo usermod -aG vboxusers Your username
After executing the command, you must log out and log in again, or restart the host machine.
Connect the USB plug at this point and using the VM settings you can find and add the key as shown in the example.
The next time you start the virtual machine, your USB stick will be available.
Bonus Tips: Register and export the virtual machine so that you can use it later on anysystem.
Maybe you want to use your virtual machine on another computer, or maybe it’s time to create a new one and leave the virtual machine as it is. You can easily export the current setting and import it to another machine in a few simple steps.
In the VirtualBox main window, click on the file and device you want to export. If you prefer shortcut keys, you can simply press Ctrl+E.
Select the virtual machine you want to export and click Next.
The format of the options requires some attention. There are three different variants of open format virtualization 0.9, 1.0 and 2.0, which can be ovf and ova extensions.
With the ovf extension, several files are written separately, unlike egg cells, which group all files in an archive in an openvirtualization format.
The standard format, Open Virtualization Format 1.0, must be suitable.
To complete the process, click Next and in the next dialog box, click Export.
With a virtual machine, you can not only test the operating system, but you can also deploy a fully functional system, just like a physical machine. Today, the devices have become so powerful and accessible that most of their power is no longer used.
With virtualization technology, you can take advantage of these wasted resources. The need for physical machines is reduced and with it the energy consumption. You can save money on both hardware and operational costs.
On a larger scale, server virtualization is more of a basic requirement than an advanced concept.
I hope you found this guide useful when installing Fedora Linux in VirtualBox. If you have any problems, let me know in the comments.
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